- Ladin: Aier da mont / Linda (Ladin is the mothertongue in our valley)
- Latin: Acer pseudoplatanus / Tilia
- Italian: Acero / Tiglio
- German: Bergahornholz / Lindenholz
- Spanish: Madera de arce / Madera de tilo
- French: Bois d'erable / Bois de tilleul
- The Romanesque style is a European art style from about 1000 to 1250 AD. This style is characterized by solid and massive figures with a stiff posture and rather long bodies. The folds of the figures’ robes seems neatly arranged on purpose as if "combed". These representations look both strict and ceremonial alike.
- The Gothic period ranges approximately from 1250 to 1500 AD. In art and architecture this style can be recognized by the long, thin shapes. Gothic figures characteristically feature the so-called Y-fold, S-shaped bodies and the separation of standing and leaning leg. The statues usually have a friendly look.
- The Baroque period, from about 1600 to 1750 AD, is characterized by round shapes and rich, prestigious and colorful representations.
Colourless waxed and polished (WAX.NAT.)
! The wax preserves the wood, allowing the figure to remain clean and smooth and not to absorb the dirt.
Brown stained, polished with colorless wax (PAT.)
! The surface is stained with a light brown tone. The stain is applied and shaded on the protruding surfaces, so that these are a little lighter than the rest of the figure. By doing so, we emphasize the three-dimensional element of the figure. After this procedure, the figure is waxed for preservation.
Stained in multiple brownish tones, polished with colorless wax (MULTI.PAT.)
! Stained in multiple brownish tones means that we apply various brownish tones on the sculpture, so that particular features like the hair, the eyes, the mouth and parts of the clothes are darker than the rest. In this way, the face is much lighter and the contrast with the darker tones is highlighted. After being stained, the figure is waxed. This treatment particularly emphasizes the wood, as the various stain colours correspond to the wood colours.
Hand painted, varnished and gilded (COLOR)
! With the varnished painting, the wood grain can be particularly noticed which testifies the high quality of the product. The colours are applied and shaded on the protruding surfaces, so that these are lighter than the other parts and the three-dimensional features are further emphasized.
Hand painted with an antique finish and real gold leaf of 23 carat on chalk ground (OLD ANT.GOLD. / ANT.GOLD.)
! A chalk ground is first applied on the wooden figure in order to create the "antique creases" and prepare the suface to the application of the gold leaves. Beneath the gold leaves you can recognize a light red colour (which is called "Bolla"). These fine gold leaves are applied on the figure with a brush by local master gilders. The passage from one leaf to the other can be recognized. The decoration with 23 carat gold leaves is prestigious and the application can be matt or shiny, although just real gold can be polished in order to produce the shiny effect. The antique finish is carried out by painters with great expertise. Such painters are demanded craftmen and often also work as restorators of valuable artworks in museums.
Autor: Franz Comploj, Copyright: Franco Comploj - All rights reserved.
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